The hottest industry chain leveraged communication

2022-08-13
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Industrial chain lever: the international standard fight of communication returned to the starting line

12 years later, the tragic international standard fight of communication returned to the starting line again. This time, China needs to learn how to develop, operate and promote an international standard in a complex international competitive environment. Is it going global or trapped? The fate of tdd-lte, the next generation communication standard led by China, will be finally revealed in the next two years

On January 18, the 25th day of the twelfth lunar month, many people have taken the train home for the Spring Festival, but Xie Feibo is still thousands of miles away. As the director of the radio administration of the Ministry of industry and information technology, Xie Feibo was leading a 26 member delegation composed of representatives of the government, academia and enterprises to participate in the 2012 radio communication plenary session being held by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in Geneva, Switzerland

on the same day, the "China created" TDD LTE advanced was officially identified by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) as one of the three major international standards for the fourth generation mobile communication (4G)

the audience applauded like a tide, and the scene vaguely seemed like yesterday. On May 5, 2000, at the conference of the wireless telecommunication union held in Istanbul, Turkey, China led TD-SCDMA Technology was selected as one of the three major 3G international standards, and it also received praise and vision

but the victory of standards does not mean the success of the industry. Due to the slow pace of industrialization and commerce, TD-SCDMA missed the golden age of development, and was firmly suppressed by other international standards. Finally, except China itself, few countries adopted this standard to deploy communication networks

12 years later, the fierce battle of international standards for communications returned to the starting line again. This time, China needs to learn how to successfully develop nano material green subway ticket samples, develop, operate and promote an international standard in a complex international competitive environment

"national weekly of Finance and economics" learned that the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of industry and information technology are meeting with the academic and business circles to conduct research, consider establishing a coordination mechanism at the national strategic level, uniformly solve the problems of tdd-lte industrialization, commercial and even international promotion, and provide industrial support on key issues such as policy, capital, especially frequency planning, and will form a report to the decision-making level. Relevant ministries and commissions hope to take this opportunity to promote tdd-lte to accelerate R & D, industrialization and commercialization, gain a firm foothold and go global, so that China can truly have a voice in the global new generation of information technology reform

Caijing national weekly also learned exclusively that the top decision-making level leading China's industrial policy has given a clear signal of firm support

China's creation engine

"China's tdd-lte has stood on the airport runway". Wen Ku said

as the director of the science and Technology Department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, Wen Ku has been involved since China proposed TD-SCDMA and officially joined the international communication technology competition. In his view, tdd-lte is giving China a major historical opportunity to lead the world standard in the field of communication and information, and will drive Chinese communication manufacturing enterprises to stand at the same level as world-class enterprises in terms of intellectual property rights and technological capabilities for the first time, and win the international market by relying on technological advantages rather than simple production and low prices

as the next generation communication standard whose lineage is inherited from TD-SCDMA, tdd-lte has a strong national color since its birth

"throughout world history, an important reason why backward countries catch up with advanced countries is that they all catch up and seize opportunities in industrial replacement, especially in the replacement of emerging industries." In 2008, during the discussion on supporting the commercial use of TD-SCDMA, Yu Dehai, executive director of the research center of the SASAC, once said to, "the next generation communication technology is likely to become the carrier that will bear the responsibility of the country from behind in the replacement of the communication industry on June 6."

as the global economy continues to shrink, countries have used industrial transformation and upgrading. Plastics are made of synthetic resins, pigments, fillers and additives, especially strategic emerging industries such as information technology, to compete for the highest point of the global economy in the future. Tdd-lte, which has independent intellectual property rights and is expected to "go global", has become an important engine driving the transformation from "made in China" to "made in China"

"tdd-lte plays an important role in winning the competitiveness among countries in the mobile Internet era." Huang Xiaoqing, President of China Mobile Research Institute, once said that at present, the global new generation of information technology reform is in the ascendant, and the competition for network territory is becoming increasingly fierce. Countries including the United States, Japan, South Korea and Australia are actively accelerating the development of mobile broadband network infrastructure, which will become an important commanding height of information technology competition in the future

"in the field of global communication and information, tdd-lte has brought a historical opportunity to realize the leapfrog development of China's industry from manufacturing to creation." Huang Xiaoqing believes that in recent years, the rapid rise of IOT and mobile Internet worldwide has led to an explosive growth in data traffic, which has accelerated the transformation of global mobile communications to a new generation of broadband mobile communications

in this process, an information industry national team strategy of "national support + China Mobile Marketing + Construction of local equipment manufacturers" has gradually taken shape. According to a 2011 analysis report of Guotai Junan, the state provides support through policies and funds (preferential tax treatment for enterprises and preferential export credit for foreign countries); China Mobile relies on the world's largest user resources of 600million mobile users to carry out global cooperation in network and business; China's local communication equipment manufacturers provide tdd-lte integrated solution support. Such a national team strategy is in line with the national interests of the information age

the report believes that the global large-scale commercial construction of LTE should start in 2013, and before that, it has made limited contribution to the revenue of communication equipment manufacturers; From a strategic perspective, the existing LTE layout will determine the industrial competition pattern in the future LTE era

in November 2011, Wang Shouchen, vice president of ZTE, told Caijing national weekly that ZTE has established tdd-lte experimental bureaus and commercial networks with 29 world leading operators in 6 countries, covering Europe, India, Asia Pacific, Southeast Asia and the Americas, including 7 tdd-lte scale commercial bureaus, and has won a total of 28 LTE commercial contracts

China, the largest communication market in the world, is the strong rear of the development of next-generation communication technology in China's communication industry. An example is that in the 3G era, in the process of TD-SCDMA network construction, Chinese local communication equipment manufacturers gained the most important share

international competition

just like transnational business competition in all other fields, tdd-lte has also encountered crowding out and attacks from international competitors

at present, tdd-lte has two main competitive standards: WiMAX led by the United States and fdd-lte led by Europe. Due to the weak industrial chain and uncertain development prospects of American standards, its operators have recently turned to tdd-lte. Therefore, the main competitor of tdd-lte is the European standard fdd-lte

although the frequency utilization rate is weaker than that of Chinese standards, European standards currently occupy a leading position in industrial maturity and international support due to their first mover advantage. By the end of November 2011, European standards had 33 commercial networks and more than 200 terminals worldwide. Industry insiders said that by the end of 2012, the standard is expected to build more than 100 commercial networks, and in the most important market indicator: the maturity of terminals, the European standard has also been ahead of tdd-lte for more than one year

previously, driven by the Chinese industry, international equipment manufacturers and operators have generally recognized that tdd-lte and European standards can coexist in the same chip, equipment and network in the construction of the global next-generation communication network, and users can choose according to their needs

in the European standards camp, only one standard is the most wonderful

"European governments and enterprises are privately promoting one thing, which is to exclude tdd-lte from the 4G market." An official of the Ministry of industry and information technology privately told Caijing national weekly. A person in charge of overseas operators also told Caijing national weekly that the European standards camp has been lobbying equipment manufacturers and operators to deploy and choose European standards rather than integration standards

the above-mentioned official said that the Ministry of industry and information technology had held a meeting to discuss how to deal with it. In the end, it was believed that the market mechanism should solve the market problems

Zhou Baoxin, Secretary General of the Communications Technology Commission of the Ministry of industry and information technology, revealed that 29 of the 30 tdd-lte tests worldwide have used Huawei and ZTE equipment. Zhou Baoxin believes that to promote the internationalization of tdd-lte, we should first encourage and support the exports of Huawei and ZTE, "encourage them to jointly operate tdd-lte networks with foreign investors and operators. Now our manufacturers also have experience and participate in operations with others abroad. Internationalization means that more people use tdd-lte networks."

at the beginning of promoting the development of TD-SCDMA, the joint venture mode of "one China and one foreign" was adopted, but it had failed before TD-SCDMA was put into commercial use. For example, Dingqiao communication, a joint venture between Huawei and Siemens Communications, the Joint Laboratory of Datang Telecom and Nortel, ZTE and Ericsson have jointly won orders from China Mobile through strategic cooperation agreements. Because the result was not ideal, Dingqiao communication was completely dumped by the foreign side to Huawei, while Ericsson canceled its strategic cooperation with ZTE

the vulnerability of this cooperation can also be seen from the evolution of the relationship between the two partners - Ericsson filed a lawsuit against ZTE in Europe in April 2011, accusing ZTE of infringing some of its 2G and 3G patents, while ZTE counterclaimed in China, accusing Ericsson of infringing its 4G technology patents. At the beginning of 2012, the two sides reached a settlement

Ma Zhihong, President of Ericsson China and Northeast Asia, made it clear to us in 2010 that it took too much time to persuade the headquarters to pay attention to TD-SCDMA, "so that our share in the field of TD-SCDMA is not ideal"

in the interview with Caijing national weekly, although all foreign-funded companies said that their fdd-lte and tdd-lte can be integrated into a unified platform, which supports both fdd-lte and tdd-lte groups, there will be great differences in the actual operation of products from different manufacturers

"due to the profound lessons learned during the development of TD-SCDMA, at the beginning of the large-scale test and construction planning of tdd-lte, China Mobile decided to try to allow two manufacturers to participate in the construction of the same urban network, so as to solve the interoperability problem between different devices as soon as possible." A person from an equipment manufacturer told Caijing national weekly that this also explains why 11 domestic and foreign companies finally joined the six city scale test of China Mobile

4 pages in total: 1234 finance and Economics National weekly

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